Who Killed Goliath ?

Mohd Elfie Nieshaem Juferi

In 1 Samuel 17 : 51, we are told that David slewed the Philis­tine cham­pi­on Goliath :

Who Killed Goliath? 1
There­fore David ran, and stood upon the Philis­tine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath there­of, and slew him, and cut off his head there­with. And when the Philistines saw their cham­pi­on was dead, they fled.

Yet in 2 Samuel 21:19, we read that Elhanan was the per­son who slewed Goliath :

Who Killed Goliath? 2
And there was again a bat­tle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaare­o­regim, a Beth­le­hemite, slew Goliath the Git­tite, the staff of whose spear [was] like a weaver’s beam.

In the most recent ver­sions of the Bible, we find that this con­tra­dic­tion has been har­monised by the trans­la­tors by putting the words the broth­er of” in brack­ets right before Goliath’s name in 2 Samuel 21:19. How­ev­er, this obvi­ous tam­per­a­tion of the text is unac­cept­able because nowhere do we find these very words in the orig­i­nal Hebrew of 2 Samuel 21:19.Endmark


  1. Well if we look in 1 Chron­i­cles 20:5 the full sto­ry is shown, because here in Samuel (which is an old­er text) is lack­ing broth­er” anoth­er expla­na­tion is before Goliath the untrans­lat­able word et” which is an object mark­er can be trans­lat­ed with Goliath” as in the one who was with Goliath, his broth­er. It is quite inter­est­ing how all the LXX texts all have the same on this, but its not the only instances where this occurs and some not so. But see­ing this should shed some light if one is not so hard headed…

  2. Bible is full of con­tra­dic­tion and lies

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