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Qur'anic Studies

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Ulum al-Qur’an, sci­ences of the Qur’an.

How the Qur'an Was Revealed and Compiled 26

The fol­low­ing is a video lec­ture made by Hamza Yusof on July 14th, 1997 and in coöper­a­tion with Alham­bra Pro­duc­tions. The top­ic of the his­to­ry of the Qur’an and its com­pi­la­tion, and forms as part of a Foun­da­tions of Islam” series of lec­tures. Hamza Yusof gave a good his­tor­i­cal back­ground of the Qur’an, its his­to­ry and how it was Revealed in stages to the Prophet Muham­mad (P), its com­pi­la­tion after the pass­ing of the Prophet (P) as well as demon­strat­ing the tex­tu­al integri­ty of the Qur’an, as opposed to the tex­tu­al frailty of the Judeo-Chris­t­ian text which stands on shaky ground. Also of inter­est is the Ques­tion & Answer ses­sion towards the end of this lec­ture which we hope our read­ers will find beneficial.

In Qur’aanic sci­ences, it refers to the var­i­ous ways and man­ners of recit­ing the Qur’aan that are in exis­tence today. As Imaam az-Zarkashee stat­ed, the Qur’aan is the rev­e­la­tion that was giv­en to Muham­mad (PBUH), and the qira’aat are the vari­a­tions in the words and pro­nun­ci­a­tions of this rev­e­la­tion. Thus the qira’aat are the ver­bal­i­sa­tion of the Qur’aan, and the Qur’aan is pre­served in the qira’aat. Each qiraa’a has its own pecu­liar rules of recita­tion (tajweed) and vari­a­tions in words and let­ters, and is names after the reciter (Qaa­ree) who was famous for that par­tic­u­lar qiraa’a.